Questions 1. In the paper, what experimental manipulations were…

Questions 1. In the paper, what experimental manipulations were…

Questions 1. In the paper, what experimental manipulations were…

Questions

1. In the paper, what experimental manipulations were used in this study? Which one was the independent variable?

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2. In Experiment, a 3×2 factorial design was used. The three types of pictures and IDs are three conditions of the independent variable. Why did the researchers include two topics?

 

3. This study adopted a 3×2 factorial design. How many experimental conditions were present in this design? List all conditions.

 

4. There were two dependent variables and two mediators (perception variables), each measured with a set of indicators. What were the two dependent variables and two mediators?

 

5. When measuring participants’ perceptions of the support-seekers, researchers adopted a set of items to measure the perceptions. How did the researchers measure participants’ perception?

 

6. How did the researchers measure the internal consistency of the two sets of items? Were they internally consistent?

 

7. How were the two dependent variable measured?

 

8. How did researchers ensure the reliability of the measurement of the two dependent variables?

 

9. What type of sample did the researchers use? Explain the advantages and disadvantages of using this type of sample.

 

10. “External validity” refers to the extent to which the results of a study can be generalized to other kinds of people, experimental stimuli, and settings. Describe one feature of the experimental design that generalizes the external validity.